All people, regardless of their sexual orientation, or gender identity and sex characteristics, should be able to fully enjoy their human rights. LGBTI people are not asking for special rights, but want to live free of discrimination and achieve full equality and be able to enjoy human rights without discrimination.
The principle of non-discrimination is firmly inscribed in international human rights law, the European Human Rights Convention and the EU treaties. The treaty bodies, as well as the European Human Rights Court and the European Court of Justice have repeatedly affirmed that all human rights are universal and that sexual orientation and gender identity are grounds protected from discrimination under international law.
Despite this, discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics persists, also in Europe, including:
- Lack of recognition of partnership rights and parenting rights for same-sex couples and rainbow families
- Homophobic and transphobic school-bullying
- Pathologisation of trans identities and sterilisation requirements for legal gender recognition
- Restriction of freedom of association and freedom of expression
- Discrimination in access to and in employment, in health services and in education
- Homophobic and transphobic hate speech and crimes
Sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristic are integral aspects of our selves and should never lead to discrimination or human rights abuse.